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The COP26 Health Programme

The COP26 Health Programme has been developed and delivered by the UK government as the Presidency of COP26, with its partners including the World Health Organization (WHO), Health Care Without Harm (HCWH), the UNFCCC Climate Champions, and the Global Climate and Health Alliance (GCHA).

The programme enables transformational change in health systems globally that protects both people and the planet whilst elevating the trusted voices of health professionals to present the health argument for higher ambition on climate change
action. The programme includes three thematic areas:

Building climate resilient and sustainable low carbon health systems

52 countries (including Malawi, Spain, Indonesia, Morocco and the US) have committed to building health systems which are able to withstand the impacts of climate change and which are low carbon and sustainable. These include 47 countries, representing over a third of global health care emissions, which have committed to develop a sustainable, low-carbon health system. 14 of these 47 countries have set a deadline of 2050 or earlier, by which their health system will reach Net Zero.

COP26 Health professional advocacy

Developed and led by our non-government partners, more than 460 health organisations globally have signed the ‘Healthy Climate Prescription’ letter which calls for stronger action on climate change to protect people’s health. This represents more than 46 million health workers, in over 100 countries. The letter was delivered to COP26. The campaign also produced a short video that highlighted the voices of health workers from around the world discussing the health argument for more action on climate change. This was played at the health event on the COP26 Presidency main agenda.

Health adaptation research

Working with the COP26 Adaptation Research Alliance (ARA), the consultation results on the global climate resilient health systems research were announced at COP26 during a co-hosted event with WHO at the Health Pavilion.

During COP26 there were a number of events which focused on the COP26 Health Programme:

  • COP26 Science and Innovation Day
    The Climate Action for Health event focused on the health co-benefits argument for improving health through climate change action. It brought in health professional advocacy voices, covered announcements on country commitments to building climate resilient and sustainable low carbon health systems, and brought forward the health argument for stronger action to address climate change. The session featured a panel session chaired by Minister Morton, with representation from GSK, Green Climate Fund, WHO, Ministers of Health and Environment, former PM Gordon Brown (WHO Ambassador for Global Health Finance) and a climate youth activist.
  • The Health Argument for Climate Action – The COP26 Heath Programme
    This event was organised by WHO, to raise awareness and support for the COP26 Health Programme, and to promote the WHO’s 10 calls for climate action to assure sustained recovery from COVID-19. The event had presentations and discussions from UK government (Minister Morton), UNFCCC, WHO and a range of UN and Non-government organisations.
  • High level meeting on ‘financing the COP26 Health Initiatives’
    This event brought together multilateral and bilateral donors with Health and Environment Ministers, to discuss the barriers, opportunities and solutions to implementing and financing plans to build resilient and sustainable/low-carbon health systems.
  • COP26 Health Programme Press Briefing
    A press briefing was coordinated by WHO to present the COP26 Health Programme announcement on country commitments to build climate resilient and sustainable low carbon health systems. The press briefing featured: UK Government (Minister Morton), WHO, Ministers form USA and Maldives, and Health Care Without Harm.
  • Climate and health research event
    This event developed in partnership with the WHO, encompassed the launch of the WHO report on the state of climate and health research, and the launch of the Global Research Agenda on building climate resilient health systems (as part of the COP26 Health Programme).
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Zero Emission Vehicles Transition Council: 2022 action plan


A rapid global transition to zero emission vehicles (ZEV) is vital to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. Road transport accounts for over 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and the total emissions are rising faster than any other sector. We need to dramatically increase the pace of the global transition to meet our Paris Agreement goals, and to keep the limit of 1.5 degrees warming in reach. This will also offer huge opportunities for jobs and growth, cleaner air, improved public health, and could furthermore boost energy security and help balance electricity grids as we make the transition to clean power.

The Zero Emission Vehicles Transition Council was formed in November 2020, as the world’s first political forum through which ministers and representatives from governments from most of the world’s largest and most progressive automotive markets – that collectively account for more than half of all new car sales globally – meet to discuss how to accelerate the pace of the global transition to zero emission vehicles.

This global transition is underway, and it is accelerating. There are now 8.5 million zero emission passenger vehicles on the roads, and combined national zero emission vehicle targets now represent 41% of the global passenger vehicle market. In parallel, through the ZEV Transition Council (ZEVTC), we have discussed the need to align the pace of the global transition to zero emission vehicles with the goals of the Paris agreement; the role of different technologies in achieving this; effective policy measures governments can take to support the transition; and ensuring a global transition where no country or community is left behind.

In 2022 and beyond, we want to work to continue to accelerate this transition and implement our respective commitments to keep the Paris Agreement goals within reach. We have identified priority areas through which the ZEV Transition Council can collaborate to build on this progress to continue to support a global transition.

Beyond these areas, we recognise the importance of ensuring the transition to zero emission vehicles is just and sustainable so that no community is left behind. The transition to ZEVs will create new jobs and require new competence in the transport and energy sectors. We recognise that competitiveness in the automotive industry and decent work conditions need to be assured in the new economy. We will also work to promote sustainable and circular production of ZEVs.

While our national contexts and policy approaches may differ, the transition will be faster, easier, and at a lower cost for all if we work together. We have agreed that our shared aim is to make zero emission vehicles the new normal by making them accessible, affordable, and sustainable in all regions by 2030.

2020 priorities

In 2022, we will work together on the following high priority areas to overcome shared challenges to support the transition to zero emission vehicles.

1: Charging infrastructure

Rapid progress is being made in the deployment of zero emission vehicle charging infrastructure, but more investment is needed in all regions. We will set out our collective vision for global charging infrastructure for light and heavy-duty vehicles, working closely with the private sector. We will launch a taskforce of automotive manufacturers, energy network providers and chargepoint operators to consider actions needed to facilitate deployment. We will discuss how to ensure electricity grids are prepared to support the increased demands of electric vehicles charging, and work together to explore how increased electric vehicle uptake can support balancing our grids with the greater levels of green power.

2. CO2 or fuel efficiency standards and regulations

CO2 or fuel efficiency standards and regulations are a vital measure to support the deployment of both light and heavy duty zero emission vehicles. We will work to develop a shared understanding on the pace of the transition, and will share best practice on effective standards and regulations, with the aims of accelerating deployment of zero emission vehicles, mobilising investment, and bringing down costs.

3. Pace of the transition and technology choices for zero emission heavy duty vehicles

We will aim to reach a stronger consensus on the pace of the transition that is consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement. We will develop a deeper understanding of the different technology options and role of CO2 and fuel efficiency standards to support this trajectory. We will work with and explore options for enhancing support for developing countries in the global transition to zero emission heavy good vehicles.

4. Ensure the ZEV transition is truly global

As agreed at the third ZEVTC Ministerial meeting, to help ensure the ZEV transition is truly global, we will launch a new strategic pillar to our work so that no country or community is left behind. We will:

  • continue our engagement with developing countries through Regional Dialogues to consider how practical collaboration can overcome region- specific barriers to an accelerated transition to zero emission vehicles
  • bring together a taskforce of government officials, multilateral development banks, international organisations and other stakeholders, as required, to:
    • coordinate a more tailored, impactful, and effective offer of development assistance, including via existing programmes / initiatives, to support the deployment of zero-emission vehicles and relevant infrastructure in developing countries; and
    • provide evidence-based and action-focused recommendations to the ZEVTC on how and where the international offer can be strengthened. Recommendations will be based on experiences and outputs from the Regional Dialogues and wider programmes / initiatives

We will continue to exchange best practice on areas of mutual interest, including, where appropriate:

  • ensuring fair consumer access to zero emission vehicles. In addition to ensuring equitable deployment and access to affordable charging, we will explore measures we can take to develop a second-hand market for zero emission vehicles, exploring actions we can take to help it develop, and standards, for example related to vehicle battery health, that could be set to help it function efficiently, sustainably, and fairly, with the aim of adopting these as appropriate for our markets.
  • the transition to ZEVs will create new jobs and require new competence in the transport and energy sectors. Competitiveness for the automotive industry and decent work conditions need to be assured in the new economy. The existing workforce may need reskilling and training. We will work to supporting the transition of our industrial bases, including through stakeholder meetings, dialogues with trade unions and those employed in the automotive industry.
  • whilst technology is already available to enable this transition, further innovation can help us make this transition quicker and easier. Through our work in 2022 we will also identify areas for coordinated action on innovation
  • ensuring that Electric Vehicle (EV) battery supply chains are sustainable and ethical as the transition accelerates. Collaboration – across countries and industry – will be needed in a range of areas to ensure this is possible, including on data, due diligence frameworks, policy to instil circular economy principles and the development of the ecosystem for battery end-of-life. Through our work in 2022, we intend to identify opportunities for coordinated action on supply chains.

We recognise the value of the various international initiatives to support the global transition to zero emission vehicles. The ZEV Transition Council secretariat will convene a coordination group to support the alignment of action between these initiatives, particularly on the priority areas of interest for the ZEVTC as set out above.

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International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition

COP26 Declaration

We, the ministers and representatives of states, participating in the inaugural meeting of the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, in Glasgow this 10 November 2021.

Being both parties to the Paris Agreement, and contracting states to the Convention on International Civil Aviation 1944 (“the Chicago Convention”).

Recognising international aviation’s material contribution to climate change through its CO2 emissions, along with its additional, but less well-defined, contribution associated with non-CO2 emissions.

Also recognising that despite the impact of COVID-19, the international aviation industry and the number of global air passengers and volume of cargo is expected to increase significantly over the next 30 years.

Acknowledging the impact of COVID-19 on the global aviation sector and the need to develop initiatives that enable the aviation industry to continue to build back better and grow in a sustainable manner.

Emphasising that international action on tackling aviation emissions is essential given the global nature of the sector and that co-operation by states and aviation stakeholders is critical for reducing the aviation sector’s contribution to climate change, including its risks and impacts.

Recalling the Paris Agreement’s temperature goal of holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C.

Recognising that achieving net zero global CO2 emissions by 2050 will maximize the possibility of keeping the global average temperature increase below 1.5°C, and the need to align international efforts to reduce emissions from the aviation sector consistent with a pathway towards achieving this temperature limit.

Acknowledging that the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is the appropriate forum in which to address emissions from international aviation through in-sector and out-of-sector measures to implement short-, medium- and long-term goals, including the development of a global sustainability framework to support the deployment of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA).

Commit to:

1. Working together, both through ICAO and other complementary cooperative initiatives, to advance ambitious actions to reduce aviation CO2 emissions at a rate consistent with efforts to limit the global average temperature increase to 1.5°C.

2. Supporting the adoption by ICAO of an ambitious long-term aspirational goal consistent with the above-referenced temperature limit, and in view of the industry’s commitments towards net zero CO2 emissions by 2050.

3. Ensuring the maximum effectiveness of CORSIA, including by:

  • supporting efforts at ICAO and working with other ICAO member states to implement and strengthen CORSIA as an important measure to address aviation emissions, including to expand participation in CORSIA, and participating in CORSIA as soon as possible, if our state has not done so already.
  • taking steps domestically to implement Annex 16 Volume IV of the Chicago Convention as fully as possible and in a timely manner, including with respect to enforcement of domestic regulations, legislation, or Implementation arrangements.
  • advancing the environmental ambition of the scheme in the course of undertaking the CORSIA Periodic Reviews.
  • working to ensure that double counting is avoided through the host state’s application of corresponding adjustments in accounting for its nationally determined contribution under the Paris Agreement for the mitigation underlying all CORSIA Eligible Emissions Units and, where needed, CORSIA Eligible Fuels, used toward CORSIA compliance.

4. Promoting the development and deployment, through international and national measures, of sustainable aviation fuels that reduce lifecycle emissions and contribute to the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular avoiding competition with food production for land use and water supply.

5. Promoting the development and deployment, through international and national measures, of innovative new low- and zero-carbon aircraft technologies that can reduce aviation CO2 emissions.

6. Preparing up-to-date state action plans detailing ambitious and concrete national action to reduce aviation emissions and submitting these plans to ICAO well in advance of the 41st ICAO Assembly, where such plans have not already been updated in line with ICAO Assembly Resolution A40-18, paragraph 11.

7. Promoting capacity building support for the implementation of CORSIA and other ICAO climate measures, including to advance uptake of freely available tools and to expand regional expertise, accreditation and access to markets for sustainable aviation fuels and CORSIA Eligible Emissions Units.

8. Convening periodically at both ministerial and official levels with a view to advancing and reviewing progress on the above commitments.

We invite other states to commit to this declaration and work with us towards our shared objectives.


Signed by the ministers and representatives of:

Burkina Faso


Costa Rica








Republic of Korea





New Zealand






United Kingdom

United States of America

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COP26 declaration on accelerating the transition to 100% zero emission cars and vans

The ZEV declaration is being hosted by the Accelerating to Zero coalition. Find out more about the declaration and the Accelerating to Zero Coalition here.


As representatives of governments, businesses, and other organisations with an influence over the future of the automotive industry and road transport, we commit to rapidly accelerating the transition to zero emission vehicles to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. (We will make clear this declaration is not legally binding and focused on a global level)

Together, we will work towards all sales of new cars and vans being zero emission (For the avoidance of doubt, within the context of this declaration a zero emission car and van is one that produces zero greenhouse gas emissions at the tailpipe.) globally by 2040, and by no later than 2035 in leading markets

A. As governments, we will work towards all sales of new cars and vans being zero emission by 2040 or earlier, or by no later than 2035 in leading markets.

B. As governments in emerging markets and developing economies, we will work intensely towards accelerated proliferation and adoption of zero emission vehicles. We call on all developed countries to strengthen the collaboration and international support offer to facilitate a global, equitable and just transition.

C. As cities, states, and regional governments, we will work towards converting our owned or leased car and van fleets to zero emission vehicles by 2035 at the latest, as well as putting in place policies that will enable, accelerate, or otherwise incentivise the transition to zero emission vehicles as soon as possible, to the extent possible given our jurisdictional powers.

D. As automotive manufacturers, we will work towards reaching 100% zero emission new car and van sales in leading markets by 2035 or earlier, supported by a business strategy that is in line with achieving this ambition, as we help build customer demand.

E. As business fleet owners and operators, or shared mobility platforms, we will work towards 100% of our car and van fleets being zero emission vehicles by 2030, or earlier where markets allow.

F. As investors with significant shareholdings in automotive manufacturers, we will support an accelerated transition to zero emission vehicles in line with achieving 100% new car and van sales being zero emission in leading markets by 2035. We will provide proactive engagement and escalation of these issues with investees, coupled with encouraging all our holdings to decarbonise their fleets in line with science-based targets.

G. As financial institutions, we confirm our support for an accelerated transition to zero emission vehicles in line with achieving 100% new car and van sales being zero emission in leading markets by 2035, supported by making capital and financial products available to enable this transition for consumers, businesses, charging infrastructure and manufacturers.

H. As other signatories, we support an accelerated transition to zero emission vehicles in line with achieving 100% of new car and van sales being zero emission in leading markets by 2035.

We will support efforts to achieve the road transport breakthrough announced by world leaders, which aims to make zero emission vehicles the new normal by making them accessible, affordable and sustainable in all regions by 2030.

Together, we welcome the new opportunities for clean growth, green jobs and public health benefits from improving air quality; and that this transition could also boost energy security and help balance electricity grids as we make the transition to clean power.

Collectively, we commit to supporting a global, equitable and just transition so that no country or community is left behind. Where we represent leading markets, we will work to strengthen our international support offer for developing countries, emerging markets, and transitional economies – including, where applicable, through technical assistance, finance, and capacity building.

We welcome strong policy and bold commitments, alongside greater levels of investment into research, manufacturing, supply chains, infrastructure and – where applicable – development assistance, that will all be required to make an accelerated global transition a reality.

We will work together to overcome strategic, political, and technical barriers, accelerate the production of zero emission vehicles and increase economies of scale, to make the transition faster, lower cost, and easier for everyone. We will also work together to boost investment, bring down costs and increase the uptake of zero emission vehicles and the many economic, social and environmental benefits it brings.

We recognise that alongside the shift to zero emission vehicles, a sustainable future for road transport will require wider system transformation, including support for active travel, public and shared transport, as well as addressing the full value chain impacts from vehicle production, use and disposal.

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Clydebank Declaration for green shipping corridors

COP26 Declaration

We, the Clydebank Declaration signatories:

Recall the long-term temperature goal of the Paris Agreement to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

Note the International Maritime Organization (IMO)’s adoption of the Initial IMO Strategy on Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships, Resolution MEPC.304(72), which aims to align international shipping with the aforementioned temperature target.

Emphasise the importance of pursing efforts to limit the increase in the global average temperature to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, to have a greater chance of significantly reducing the risks and impacts of climate change on countries, in particular least developed countries and small island developing states.

Recognise the benefits of pursuing synergies between decarbonisation and clean air policies in shipping, and building on existing measures related to the reduction of pollution from ships under the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).

Express great concern regarding the findings from the Fourth IMO Greenhouse Gas Study 2020, which estimates that if no further action is taken, international shipping emissions are expected to represent 90% to 130% of 2008 emission levels by 2050.

Express great concern also regarding the findings of the IPCC Working Group I contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (2021), which states that global warming of 1.5°C and 2°C will be exceeded during the 21st century unless deep reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions occur in the coming decades, and hence, endorse the need for international shipping to keep accelerating its level of action.

Equally recognise that a rapid transition in the coming decade to clean maritime fuels, zero-emission vessels, alternative propulsion systems, and the global availability of landside infrastructure to support these, is imperative for the transition to clean shipping.

The signatories of this Declaration assert the need for the formation of an international coalition between ambitious governments, to act together and demonstrate that maritime decarbonisation is possible, while unlocking new business opportunities and socioeconomic benefits for communities across the globe.

Mission statement

The signatories of the Declaration are to support the establishment of green shipping corridors – zero-emission maritime routes between 2 (or more) ports.

It is our collective aim to support the establishment of at least 6 green corridors by the middle of this decade, while aiming to scale activity up in the following years, by inter alia supporting the establishment of more routes, longer routes and/or having more ships on the same routes. It is our aspiration to see many more corridors in operation by 2030. We will assess these goals by the middle of this decade, with a view to increasing the number of green corridors.

In the pursuit of these goals, with reference to the approach(es) set out in Annex A, signatories pledge to:

  • facilitate the establishment of partnerships, with participation from ports, operators and others along the value chain, to accelerate the decarbonisation of the shipping sector and its fuel supply through green shipping corridor projects
  • identify and explore actions to address barriers to the formation of green corridors. This could cover, for example, regulatory frameworks, incentives, information sharing or infrastructure
  • consider the inclusion of provisions for green corridors in the development or review of National Action Plans
  • work to ensure that wider consideration is taken for environmental impacts and sustainability when pursuing green shipping corridors.

Annex A

Signatories are to facilitate partnerships to establish green shipping corridors, in which:

  1. Two or more signatories to the Declaration identify and take steps with relevant willing ports, operator(s) and others along the value chain to decarbonise a specific shared maritime route
  2. A signatory to the Declaration takes steps with relevant willing ports, operator(s) and others along the value chain to decarbonise a specific domestic maritime route within the jurisdiction and control of a signatory.

Voluntary participation by operators is a significant element for successful green shipping corridors.

For greater clarity, all vessels transiting a green corridor would not be required to be zero emissions or to participate in the partnerships.

In supporting the establishment of green corridors, signatories recognise that fully decarbonised fuels or propulsion technologies should have the capability to not add additional GHGs to the global system through their lifecycle, including production, transport or consumption.






Costa Rica









Republic of the Marshall Islands



New Zealand






The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The United States of America

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New Mission Innovation Missions

22 Governments and the European Commission, collaborating through Mission Innovation, today committed to four new ‘Missions’ to catalyse investment to accelerate technologies to facilitate urban transitions, eliminate emissions from industry, enable carbon dioxide removal and produce renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials. Combined with three Missions first announced in June 2021, on power systems, hydrogen and shipping, they have the potential to unlock affordable decarbonisation pathways for sectors responsible for 52% of current global emissions.

Fully consistent with the Breakthrough Agenda, announced by world leaders on 2 November at COP26, Mission Innovation is a key platform for governments and the private sector to work together to develop and demonstrate clean technologies across multiple sectors. The aim is to use research, development and demonstration investments by government and the ingenuity of business and finance to make clean energy solutions more affordable, accessible, and attractive than their alternatives by 2030.

Urban Transitions Mission

The Challenge

Busy, dynamic and economically productive cities account for nearly three-quarters of global energy consumption. To meet our climate goals, national governments, local governments, the private sector, and civil society must quickly come together to develop, test, and widely disseminate low-carbon innovations for urban areas worldwide.

The Goal

By 2030, deliver at least 50 large-scale, integrated demonstration projects in urban environments around the world, providing a pathway for all cities to adopt net zero carbon solutions as the default option.

The Mission

We will drive research and innovation for net zero carbon urban systems and mobilise cities and national governments to develop and test innovative solutions. We will share our findings with cities around the world through (customisable) innovation and investment roadmaps and show that all aspects of modern life in large urban areas – including housing, transport, energy and materials access, production and consumption, and industry – can integrate reliable and affordable clean energy solutions.


  • European Commission, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation 
  • Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy (GCoM) 
  • Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Urban Europe

Core group members:

  • India, Ministry of Science and Technology 
  • Chile, Ministry of Energy / Energy Sustainability Agency 
  • Sweden, Swedish Energy Agency / Ministry of the Environment and Energy 
  • MI Innovation Community on Affordable Heating and Cooling of Buildings

Support group members:

  • Student Energy 
  • IEA (TCP on Empowering Cities for a Net Zero Future) 
  • WEF 
  • UNFCCC (Global Innovation HUB) 
  • EIT Climate KIC (Clean Cities project) 
  • UNEP / SE4All (UN Urban Energy Compacts) 
  • IRENA 
  • European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL)

Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) Mission

The Challenge

Modelling by the International Panel on Climate Change indicates that removal of 100 to 1,000 gigatonnes of CO2 this century may be needed to achieve deep decarbonisation and avoid exceeding the 1.5°C climate target. CDR technologies can complement ongoing efforts to mitigate emissions; however, further research and insights are needed to enhance our understanding of some CDR approaches, accurately quantify carbon removals, and reduce costs. 

The Goal

Enable Carbon Dioxide Removal technologies to achieve a net reduction of 100 millionmetric tons of CO2  per year globally by 2030.

The Mission

We will catalyse a global CDR industry by advancing research and development for CDR technologies (1), harmonising lifecycle analyses (LCAs) and technoeconomic analyses (TEAs), and facilitating near-term pilot-scale tests and deployment.


  • United States of America, Department of Energy
  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Ministry of Energy
  • Canada, Natural Resources Canada

Core members:

  • Norway, Gassnova

Supporting members: 

  • Australia, national Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) 
  • European Commission, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation 
  • Japan, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 
  • India, Ministry of Science and Technology (DBT and DST)

Net Zero Industries Mission

Heavy industries like steel, cement, and chemicals, require extremely high temperatures and use massive amounts of energy. These three sectors are responsible for a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. These sectors also encounter high investment costs for process equipment with long payback periods and a lifetime of more than 20 years.

Unlocking emissions reductions at the end of their next refurbishment cycles could prevent nearly 60Gt CO 2 and help put industrial sectors onto a net zero emissions pathway by 2050. This Mission will be co-led by Austria and Australia, with further information published in 2022.

Biorefineries Mission

Heavy industries like steel, cement, and chemicals, require extremely high temperatures and use massive amounts of energy. These three sectors are responsible for a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. These sectors also encounter high investment costs for process equipment with long payback periods and a lifetime of more than 20 years.

To realise this potential and make bio-based alternatives cost-competitive, India and the Netherlands are leading the development of the Integrated Biorefineries Mission. More information will follow in 2022.

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Breakthrough Agenda – Launching an annual Global Checkpoint Process in 2022

The Breakthrough Agenda launched at the World Leaders Summit commits countries to work together to make clean technologies and sustainable solutions the most affordable, accessible and attractive option in each emitting sector globally before 2030.

Leaders committed to review progress annually, starting in 2022, supported by a report led by the IEA, working with IRENA and the UN High Level Action Champions, and Ministerial review around the annual MI and CEM Ministerials. Leaders also launched the ‘Glasgow Breakthroughs’ – a first set of global goals in high emitting sectors underneath this agenda.

To take this Agenda forward the UK underlines its steadfast commitment to working with all signatories and interested countries to accelerate progress under this Agenda.

As such, in 2022, as COP Presidency, the UK will take forward the following four key priorities – collectively known as the ‘Global Checkpoint Process’ – working in close collaboration with partners:

  1. Report on the State of the Transition: leaders have invited the International Energy Agency, working in collaboration with IRENA, the United Nations High Level Climate Action Champions, and other institutions, bodies and industry leaders as appropriate to assess progress against the objectives of the Breakthrough Agenda in high-emitting sectors, including towards the Glasgow Breakthroughs goals, and report on the state of the transition together with an assessment of the opportunities for and benefits from enhanced cooperation through the Breakthrough Agenda;
  2. Convene leading initiatives in each sector: we will bring together the government, non-state actor and international organisation representatives convening the leading initiatives within each major emitting sector, in particular those set out under the Glasgow Breakthroughs. These discussions will explore how initiatives can best support the Breakthroughs, and the potential for improved co-ordination between initiatives
  3. Co-convene Ministerial discussions on the State of the Transition: we will work with partners to invite supporters of the Breakthrough Agenda to meet alongside the Mission Innovation and Clean Energy Ministerial meetings hosted by the US in 2022 to discuss the State of the Transition report, to review proposals for enhanced collaborative action and to agree to strengthen and reinforce the urgency, ambition and coordination of international efforts under the Breakthrough Agenda;
  4. Encourage new leaders-level commitments: working with partners, at Leader-level fora we will welcome new signatories to the Breakthroughs and seek to launch new Breakthroughs in areas not currently covered, such as in land use, aviation, shipping, buildings and other industrial sectors. We will reach out in the spirit of collaboration to the next COP Presidency to discuss progress of the Breakthrough Agenda at COP27.

Our ambition is to sustain and continually strengthen international cooperative action in high emitting sectors and keep this at the top of the international political agenda throughout this decade. To this end, and working with partners, we will seek to shape and establish the Global Checkpoint Process as an annual cycle of tracking and reviewing global progress in the transition, and of implementing further cooperative actions commensurate with the scale and urgency of the challenge we face, and the ambition set out by leaders under the Breakthrough Agenda. We will work with all Breakthrough Agenda signatories to implement these actions beyond COP26 and through to 2030.

This diagram shows The Breakthrough Agenda's Annual Global Checkpoint Process. Text below the image describes what the flowchart covers.

The above flowchart covers actions that governments and institutions will take from Q4 2021 to Q4 2022 as part of the Global Checkpoint Process for the Breakthrough Agenda.

Q4 2021: Breakthrough Agenda launched at COP26 including the Glasgow Breakthroughs.

Q1 2022 to Q2 2022: Report on the State of Transition. Analysis of progress against the objectives and the opportunities for and benefits from enhanced cooperation; led by IEA with IRENA and HLAC and broader engagement.

Q1 2022 to Q2 2022: Convene leading initiatives in each sector. Exploring better coordination, gaps and enhanced actions to achieve each Breakthrough goal; informing and being informed by the draft State of Transition Report.

Q3 2022: State of the Transition Ministerial. Ministers meet alongside MI & CEM Ministierals to discuss the State of the Transition report’s findings, and review and agree proposals for enhanced collaborative action.

Q4 2022: New leaders-level commitments. New and enhanced commitments from existing and new participating countries, for enhanced ambition and action and for new sectoral Breakthroughs.

The process is replicated in subsequent years.

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The Global Action Agenda for Innovation in Agriculture

The Global Action Agenda on Transforming Agricultural Innovation is the outcome of the Transforming Agriculture Innovation Systems for People, Nature and Climate which was launched by Lord Goldsmith at the Climate Adaptation Summit in January 21. This #Climateshot campaign – co-led by FCDO and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) aims to:

  • Increase investment in agricultural research and innovation to create more climate-resilient, low-emission technologies and practices;
  • Ensure at least a third of agricultural research and innovation investments deliver demand-driven solutions across food systems, to protect nature and limit climate change;
  • Showcase successful business models and promote public-private partnerships that deploy these innovations on the scale needed to meet the climate and food security challenge;
  • Forge consensus on the evidence of what works, and facilitate inclusive dialogue among food and climate champions around the world.

The Global Action Agenda has secured more than 160 allies as diverse as the World Bank, WWF, World Food Programme, UN Foundation, Columbia Climate School, Bayer, Rainforest Alliance, World Economic Forum, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, CDC Group, Rabobank and the Environmental Defence Fund.  It is supported by Indonesia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Guinea, Lesotho, Vietnam and the UK and relevant government ministries or national agriculture research institutes of Australia, Uganda, Laos, India, Philippines, Ethiopia, Ghana, Tanzania and Malaysia.  See the full list of allies at:

The Global Action Agenda for Innovation in Agriculture is supported by four key initiatives: 

  • The 100 Million Farmers Multi-Stakeholder Platform, led by the World Economic Forum.
  • The Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA) initiative, which brings countries together to find ways to grow more food without growing greenhouse gas emissions. 
  • The new CGIAR organisational structure, research and innovation strategy and portfolio of initiatives.
  • ClimateShot allies from the impact investment community comprise over 20 investors, funders and initiatives, including innovative funds aiming to mobilise over US$5 billion in financing to transform agriculture for people, nature and the climate

Read more at:

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Chair’s Summary – Policy Dialogue on Accelerating Transition to Sustainable Agriculture through Redirecting Public Policies and Support and Scaling Innovation

The Policy Dialogue on Accelerating Transition to Sustainable Agriculture was co-convened by the UK as in-coming COP Presidency and by the World Bank. Its intent was to catalyse efforts to deliver the global transformation in agriculture and land use so urgently needed to tackle climate change, to produce nutritious food, to support jobs and economic growth, and to protect our planet.

Launched in April 2021, 34 countries participated in the period up to COP26 either at Ministerial and, or senior technical levels, mainly through Ministries of Agriculture. Participating countries and representative institutions include: African Union, Angola, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, European Commission, Ethiopia, Germany, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, UEA, Uganda, UK, USA, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

In joining this Policy Dialogue, participants recognised the importance of agriculture in producing food  and providing livelihoods for billions of people across the world, as well as  a major economic sector.  At the same time, agriculture is the second main driver of greenhouse gas emissions after energy and the major cause of biodiversity loss, which in turn undermines food systems, and poses risks for farmers, communities and economies.

Participants agreed that there is an urgent need and potential for transformation in agriculture and food systems.  Globally, countries provide over $700 billion per year in support to their agriculture sectors whether through subsidies, market price supports or other mechanisms.  Through the Policy Dialogue, participants shared evidence and experiences on designing and implementing public policies and support to re-shape agricultural practices and investments.  This included both the challenges and the opportunities of redirecting public finance, and also the trade-offs involved in changing policy to incentivise and support farmers and businesses to invest in sustainable, resilient agriculture. 

There was discussion of new approaches to research, development and innovation to help catalyse the needed transition to sustainable food systems.

Participants also highlighted the importance of partnerships for action; between governments and other national stakeholders and through government-to-government collaboration.

Experiences shared through the Policy Dialogue suggest that action is needed at multiple levels: on policy design and implementation; exchange of knowledge, information and tools; coordinated research to identify and develop effective approaches and technologies; support for farmers to develop, adopt and take effective practices to scale; and to develop a shared understanding of ‘sustainable agriculture’, how to assess this and how to integrate it into markets.

The Dialogues covered a range of topics, summarised below:

Farmers as stewards of nature

Government policies can create incentives and support to help farmers invest in sustainable land use. With this aim, some countries have introduced payment for eco-systems services and others are redirecting policies and support towards schemes that reward farmers for protecting or restoring the environment, reducing emissions and increasing carbon sequestration.

Some countries are adopting an integrated landscape approach, including recognition of tenure rights, to improve the sustainability of agricultural practices. It was noted that international markets play a significant role, where consumer demand for sustainable products and a fair price to farmers can enable sustainable production of food crops and agricultural commodities such as soya and palm oil.

Research and innovation

Increasing productivity whilst limiting land use (preventing deforestation or agriculture expansion onto other fragile eco-systems), reversing harm to the environment and increasing carbon sequestration will all be needed to deliver sustainable food systems.

Investment will be needed in new technologies or practices, according to local context. For instance, this could be to scale up agro-ecological approaches or to reduce emissions from livestock. Government support may be needed to promote and scale farmer-led innovations appropriate to local context and needs.

Collaboration and partnerships including public-private partnerships are key to increase investment in innovation at scale; to catalyse private investment; to ensure farmers are heard and help to shape innovation; to build consensus and to identify effective approaches to scale up what works.

Ambition to Action

Building a shared understanding of why we need sustainable agriculture and opportunities to get there is critical for the transition. This includes engaging with farmers, businesses and other stakeholders.

Stakeholder consultations including with farmers and other key players are helping governments to formulate and secure buy-in to new policies, for instance to decarbonise agriculture and adapt to climate change, whilst ensuring productivity for food and economic benefits.  Cross-government approaches, building consensus with farmers and setting ambitious targets can help to accelerate change. Consumer choices are instrumental in deciding what gets produced and need to be considered in policy reforms.

Measuring and monitoring progress, for instance on emissions reduction, are needed to keep actions on track. 

Forward Look

Rich experiences shared through the Policy Dialogue are reflected in a growing Compendium of Country Case Studies. Interested lead countries have each contributed a policy briefing note that reflects on policy actions taken to advance the transition to sustainable agriculture. This online Compendium will be launched at COP26 and provides a living platform for further sharing. To date, contributing countries include: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ghana, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Malawi, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Sierra Leone, Switzerland, UK, US and Vietnam.

Experience shared through the Policy Dialogue has led to the development of a Policy Action Agenda (PAA). This is a non-prescriptive framework for action, to guide governments and other stakeholders in finding pathways to sustainable agriculture. It provides a working definition of sustainable agriculture and, drawing on contributions to the Policy Dialogue, it illustrates the type of actions that governments and others can take.

In endorsing the PAA, stakeholders commit to progress a just transition to sustainable agriculture, through appropriate policies, investments and support according to their context and mandate.

The PAA is further supported by a Global Action Agenda on Transforming Agricultural Innovation (PDF, 16 pages – 1.5MB) which provides a joint vision, objectives and a set of joint research priorities.

The Policy Dialogue – both as an independent channel and through other, existing fora – will continue to provide a platform beyond COP26 to share knowledge and experience, to build partnerships and to collaborate as we jointly seek to resolve policy and practice related issues as well as other barriers to sustainable agriculture.

Signed by

Juergen Voegele, Vice President, Sustainable Development, World Bank

Rt. Hon George Eustice MP, Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

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Co-Chairs conclusions of Education and Environment Ministers Summit at COP26

Learn for our planet, Act for the climate.


  • We, Ministers of Education and Ministers responsible for addressing climate change of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), jointly adopt this declaration on the occasion of COP26 in Glasgow, United Kingdom.
  • Recognising the critical role played by education and learning in the transition towards a climate positive future and the urgency of embedding climate considerations into all levels of education, we commit to collaborate and invest in education for a sustainable future.
  • Our commitment stems from evidence presented in the Sixth Assessment Report published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirming the unequivocal human influence on global warming and the continued acceleration of global environmental degradation. 
  • In Glasgow we met to examine, how inter-ministerial cooperation can enhance multi-stakeholder partnership at the country level to bring socio-economic transformation for climate resilience.
  • Recalling Article 6 of the UNFCCC and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, we welcome the adoption of the Berlin Declaration on Education for Sustainable Development as well as the Catania Declaration of G20 Ministers of Education that emphasize the importance of education to address the climate crisis and promote sustainability and the new COP26 work programme on Action for Climate Empowerment. We celebrate the organization of the Youth4Climate event in Milan, Italy, as part of the Pre-COP, and the Mock COP26 conference in 2020 underlining youth voices and activism in the face of the climate emergency.
  • We welcome the progress made in recent years to mobilize education to address climate change. However, we recognise the large remaining gaps in providing everyone with knowledge, skills, values and attitudes needed to effectively participate in the transition towards climate positive societies. Recognising that climate change and extreme weather already impact the education system in developing countries, undermining children and teachers’ safety, and access to basic education. 

Our commitment

  1. We recognise education as a society-wide learning process that can equip everyone with knowledge, skills, values and attitudes needed for urgent action to combat climate change.
  2. We commit to the integration of sustainability and climate change in formal education systems, including as core curriculum components, in guidelines, teacher training, examination standards and at multiple levels through institutions.
  3. We similarly commit to the integration of sustainability and climate change in professional training, public awareness and information activities, and other areas of non-formal and informal learning. We consider it crucial to support out of school activities geared towards sustainability.
  4. We commit to enhancing multi-stakeholder and cross-sectoral collaboration with strong partnership between our education and environment sectors.
  5. We commit to working with and support the private sector to meet its responsibilities for green and carbon-neutral economies, which requires a workforce attuned to sustainability.
  6. We commit to working with diverse stakeholders, including young people, to ensure proposed policies and changes adequately respond to the needs and lived experiences of all communities.
  7. We commit to highlighting education and learning within adaptation efforts including national adaption plans (NAPs) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures, and to increase our efforts to ensure that our education systems are resilient in the face of climate change. 
  8. We commit to taking the provisions of this declaration forward, including, as appropriate, through specific pledges within our respective mandates and in our areas of responsibility, taking into account our needs, capacities, available resources and national priorities, and as we continue our urgent work to meet the provisions of the Paris Agreement. We agree to review our joint commitment in advance of COP27.
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Supporting the Conditions for a Just Transition Internationally

Green growth, decent work, and economic prosperity in the transition to net zero.

As the world recovers from COVID-19, we aim to deliver sustainable, green and inclusive economic growth to meet the challenge of decarbonising our economies, in line with limiting the global average temperature increase to 1.5°C above the preindustrial levels. 

The Paris Agreement preamble reflects the close links between climate action, sustainable development, and a just transition, with Parties to the Agreement “taking into account the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities”. The International Labour Organization’s (ILO) 2015 Guidelines for a Just Transition, negotiated between governments, employers, and their organisations, as well as workers and their Trade Unions, established a global understanding for the term “just transition”. It describes it as a process “towards an environmentally sustainable economy, which “needs to be well managed and contribute to the goals of decent work for all, social inclusion and the eradication of poverty”.  

We recognise that the effects of climate change disproportionately affect those in poverty, and can exacerbate economic, gender and other social inequalities, including those resulting from discriminatory practices based upon race and ethnicity; the transition towards net zero will affect, most acutely, those in workforces in sectors, cities and regions relying on carbon-intensive industries and production. With that in mind, we also recognise our role in climate change mitigation and adaptation action that is fully inclusive and benefits the most vulnerable through the more equitable distribution of resources, enhanced economic and political empowerment, improved health and wellbeing, resilience to shocks and disasters and access to skills development and employment opportunities. This should also display: a commitment to gender equality, racial equality and social cohesion; protection of the rights of Indigenous Peoples; disability inclusion; intergenerational equity and young people; the promotion of women and girls; marginalised persons’ leadership and involvement in decision-making; and recognition of the value of their knowledge and leadership; and support for the collective climate action of diverse social groups. Social dialogue as well as rights at work are indispensable building blocks of sustainable development and must be at the centre of policies for strong, sustainable, and inclusive growth and development.  

We recognise our role in working to ensure that no one is left behind in the transition to a net zero and climate resilient future. We recognise that all countries must benefit from the opportunities offered by sustainable and just transitions. This should include access to modern technologies, capacity building and finance, as well as policy solutions to manage transitions in a just and inclusive way. We also recognise the challenges faced by fossil fuel revenue-dependent countries. We recognise that a just transition is not the replacement of one industry with another, but a diversification toward a more sustainable, resilient, and inclusive economy overall. Lastly, we recognise the importance of facilitating the transition from the informal to the formal economy, through social dialogue, to ensure that no one is left behind, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals.  

We intend to support developing countries and emerging economies, social partners, and communities to diversify their economies away from dependence on carbon-intensive industries, and to transition to ambitious, clean, resilient growth and development pathways, while supporting increased ambition in their national sustainable development priorities. Therefore, we intend to do this by supporting those countries’ economic growth, the creation of decent and sustainable green jobs and new sustainable investments as, globally, we transition to net zero. This builds on commitments to a just transition set out in the Silesia Declaration in Poland and the Climate Action for Jobs Initiative. We support the following principles, and aim to work with relevant international organisations, including the ILO and others, to implement them across our international financial and technical assistance programmes when supporting developing and emerging economies:  

  1. Support for workers in the transition to new jobs: We intend to support communities and regions that are particularly vulnerable to the economic, employment and social effects of a global transition away from carbon-intensive activity, and will take account of the impacts on, and benefits for all affected by this global transition away from a carbon-intensive economy in developing and emerging economies. We intend for our support to take into account the ILO Guidelines for a Just Transition. We envisage making efforts so that financial flows align with the Paris Agreement temperature goal, by promoting pathways consistent with net zero emissions by 2050 and keeping a 1.5°C temperature limit within reach, while also supporting social aspects of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Sustainable Development Goals.  
  1. Support and promote social dialogue and stakeholder engagement: We recognise that the development of effective, nationally coherent, locally driven and delivered just transition plans within countries are dependent on effective and inclusive social dialogue. We intend to support and promote social dialogue between governments and the representative organisations of workers and employers, including those in secondary industries that are dependent on carbon-intensive industries as well as other stakeholders, in accordance with inter alia the relevant fundamental rights at work. We also recognise that other key stakeholders need to be engaged to ensure no one is left behind. This support may include strengthening social dialogue through capacity building of the participants.  
  1. Economic Strategies: We recognise that supporting a just transition from a carbon intensive economy to a net zero future not only involves support for clean energy to strengthen the ecological foundations of the economy, but also requires enabling frameworks and wider economic and industrial support for workers, enterprises, communities and countries to create sustainable, competitive economies that foster resource-efficient economic growth, create income and decent jobs, and reduce poverty and inequality. It also requires a sound framework to deal with local ecological impacts of the transition (e.g. contaminated sites). We intend to provide support to developing countries and emerging economies to support them in creating those long-term strategies, ensuring sustainable and inclusive economic recovery and growth, and embedding the creation of decent work and economic diversification.  
  1. Local, inclusive, and decent work: We will aim that new jobs, and transitioning jobs, support the creation of decent, formalised, and sustainable work for people in their local areas, which is coupled with effective support for reskilling and training, as well as adequate, inclusive, and sustainable social protection for those in need. This includes the targeting of disadvantaged groups in the local labour market and community, such as those living in poverty, marginalised groups, women, and workers in the informal economy to achieve a transition to formality. In terms of low carbon investment, we intend to provide for the inclusion of measures that promote and advance the realisation of decent work for all. This includes occupational health and safety in accordance with the ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization of 2008, and assisting the realisation in practice of the principles concerning the fundamental rights as reflected in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up of 1998. We will work to support skills development and labour policies that support the transition to decent jobs in other sectors and support economic diversification into clean sectors in carbon-dependent regions, while empowering marginalised groups to participate equitably in the transition.  
  1. Supply chains: We recognise that transitions also impact businesses in supply chains and the health, environmental and broader social and economic interests of those economically reliant on those supply chains. We aim to focus on ensuring that existing supply chains, and the new and emerging supply chains required for the clean transition, create decent work for all, including for the most marginalised, and create equitable employment across borders. We intend to advance respect for human rights consistent with the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and intend to respect relevant fundamental rights, including on the prohibition of slavery, child labour and forced labour. We urge businesses to ensure their supply chains are free of human rights abuses, including through carrying out corporate due diligence in line with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the ILO’s Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy. We also intend to consider the wider environmental, health, social and employment impacts of the operation of global supply chains, including the importance of building climate resilience into supply chains across all industries. 
  1. Paris Agreement reporting and Just Transition: We intend to include information on Just Transition efforts, where relevant, in our national Biennial Transparency Reports in the context of reporting on our policies and measures to achieve our Nationally Determined Contributions.  

Taking note of the recommendations from the IEA Global Commission on People-Centred Clean Energy Transitions and recognising the work of the IRENA Collaborative Framework on Just and Inclusive Energy Transitions, we invite all relevant international organisations to work with the supporters of this Declaration to promote its implementation, where needed, including future opportunities to showcase progress towards including these principles in strategies and programmes. We aim to promote this Declaration on the international stage.  

Signed by: 

The Government of the United Kingdom 

The Government of Austria


The Government of Canada

The Government of the Kingdom of Denmark 

The European Union

The Government of the French Republic 

The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany


The Government of Ireland

The Government of the Italian Republic 

The Government of the Netherlands 

The Government of New Zealand

The Government of the Kingdom of Norway 

The Government of the Republic of Poland 

The Government of Spain 

The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden 

The Federal Government of the United States 

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Focus of Energy Transition Council (ETC)

ETC Mission statement.

The Energy Transition Council aims to make clean and sustainable power the most affordable and reliable option for countries to meet their power needs efficiently and accelerate their clean energy transition – moving away from coal and other fossil fuels – while ensuring a just transition and improved energy access for all.

ETC progress so far

The overall purpose of the Energy Transition Council is to enable an effective dialogue between countries that require support for their energy transition on the one hand, and the major international actors offering support on the other, to find, coordinate and implement tailored solutions more rapidly. Therefore, the ETC brings together the global political, financial and technical leadership in the power sector to provide support in a range of areas, including integrated energy planning, green grids and energy efficiency.

The ETC Secretariat connects ETC partner countries [1] to this expertise through country dialogues at working and senior levels. These discussions have developed a useful articulation and shared understanding within country and across key stakeholders, of energy transition needs. We have also facilitated regional discussions on common energy transition issues and demonstrated progress at Ministerial meetings every 3 to 4 months. The ETC’s meetings have been a forum for frank, solutions-focused discussions about what developing countries need to accelerate their energy transition in the context of a green recovery

To support this, the ETC’s Rapid Response Facility (RRF) was established – a ‘hub and spoke’ model, which allows for a group of existing programmes and some additional resources to respond rapidly to the requests for technical, commercial, regulatory and policy assistance arising from the ETC political dialogues that cannot be met directly by ETC partners in-country. Since March 2021, the RRF has responded to 24 requests on a wide range of policy areas. ETC partners have committed almost £10 million of aligned funds for energy transition support through the RRF, including for energy efficiency, grid infrastructure and energy planning.

To drive the rapid transformational change required in the power sector, the ETC also works with its partner countries to help them access longer-term support and larger amounts of finance through major international energy transition programmes [2]. ETC partners have worked together to prioritise the mobilisation of their contributions to these programmes as the most effective way of simplifying the landscape of financial and technical support available for developing countries. The RRF serves as a bridge to countries accessing these larger programmes, as well as providing direct assistance in its own right.

2022 strategic priorities

Following positive feedback from ETC countries and ETC partners, we have agreed that the ETC will continue after COP26, at least until COP30 in 2025. The ETC’s future work will be guided by the strategic vision as articulated in the Glasgow Power Breakthrough to make clean power the most affordable and reliable option for all countries to meet their power needs efficiently by 2030.

Our priority areas of engagement will continue to include:

1. Integrated energy planning – delivering energy needs in a way that maximises cost effectiveness, efficiency, socioeconomic benefits and emissions reductions.

2. Utility-scale renewables – which require long-term commitments to the energy transition, adequate regulatory frameworks, bankable contracts, investments in modern grid infrastructure and management capacity, and mobilisation of investment from the private sector.

3. Coal and fossil fuel transition – countries require support and exit options on mechanisms and solutions to retire coal plants early and no longer build new coal power capacity.

4. Investment (policy and instruments) – capital does not readily flow to countries with growing energy demands where significant investment is needed. Accelerating the energy transition will require a substantial increase of investment which cannot come from public finance alone.

5. Green Grids – managing renewables intermittency, sharing of resources across a wide geographic area and upgrading domestic power grids to integrate renewables. The UK-India Green Grids Initiative – One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG), launched at COP26, can support the political and technical cooperation required to achieve progress.

6. Energy efficiency – could deliver more than 40% of GHG emission reductions over the next 20 years [3] across end-use sectors, including buildings, equipment and vehicles.

7. Distributed renewable energy – technologies including small-scale solar PV, mini-grids, stand-alone lighting systems and wind generators play a crucial role in achieving energy access goals alongside energy transitions.

8. Just transition – the development of an industrial strategy that offers the opportunity for social dialogue between government, private sector and workers – and creates new, quality jobs for coal-dependent regions. The COP26 International Just Transition Declaration sets out the principles for supporting the conditions for a Just Transition internationally.

In order to mobilise, tailor and align support to meet challenges in these areas, our strategic priorities in 2022 will be:

1. Continued focus on making clean and sustainable power the most affordable and reliable option for developing countries so they can accelerate their clean energy transition – moving away from coal and other fossil fuels, while ensuring a just transition and improved energy access for all. Means of engagement will include:

  • Inviting all ETC countries currently participating in the ETC process to continue doing so after COP26. We will work with ETC countries to review progress, agree their engagement for the next two years and outline a set of objectives.
  • Continue to hold private, high trust political dialogue between governments, institutions and development partners to find solutions for a just transition to low carbon, inclusive and resilient power systems and drive climate ambition. In-country and Ministerial-level dialogues will continue to identify priorities in participating ETC partner countries.
  • Identifying opportunities to invite new countries to join the ETC, subject to the ability of the Secretariat to service their participation and the opportunity for the ETC to add value to their clean energy trajectory. As part of this, we will consider the balance of the ETC’s engagement with different regions.

2. Deploying and scaling up elements of our rapid, flexible technical assistance through the Rapid Response Facility (RRF). Priority activities will include:

  • Continue to operate the RRF as a ‘hub and spoke’ model with a range of international programmes able to respond to country requests from in-country political dialogues in ETC partner countries.
  • Scaling up our ability to provide support in-country if required for facilitation of political dialogue, need identification and request development.

3. Deepening our engagement and coordination with other key initiatives that are aligned and like-minded with the ETC overall effort, including:

  • GGI-OSOWOG – by looking to align activities (such as future dialogues) to support cooperation on the development and deployment of modern green grids, as well as local and community grids, with the opportunity to extend assistance through the RRF to grid infrastructure programmes and coordinate wider technical and financial assistance for green grids.
  • Investor confidence – strengthen private investor dialogue on national priorities through partnership with specialist organisation(s) and the possible formation of an Investment Advisory Group for the ETC. The latter would enable the ETC to access more response insight on market trends and the opportunities of, and barriers to, mobilising finance.
  • Just Transition Declaration – driving forward implementation of the Just Transition Declaration, enabling the maximisation of adaptation and mitigation measures on the ground through smarter and more targeted financial programme interventions.
  • Donor Coalition: Seek to coordinate and prioritise our support for the most effective and complementary multilateral programmes to ETC efforts amongst bilateral and multilateral partners. Take the priorities identified regarding more effective and ambitious energy sector programming modalities and mainstream them through dialogue with ETC partners and intermediaries including MDBs, international agencies and climate funds.
  • Other leading initiatives aligned to the ETC, including those set out in the Glasgow Power Breakthrough. We recognise the value of the various international initiatives which support the global transition to clean and sustainable energy. The ETC Secretariat will convene a coordination group to support the alignment of action between these initiatives, particularly on the priority areas of interest for the ETC.

Processes and Partners

The ETC Secretariat will support decision-making for the ETC and coordination with other initiatives and bodies. It will deliver a set of functions for central and in-country coordination of ETC countries, partners and institutions. It will also be tasked with the management of the Rapid Response Facility. We anticipate that this will be supported by increased ownership of the in-country process by ETC institutions and partners. To date, a small group has been supporting the UK Government in the Secretariat function, including Sustainable Energy for All (SEforAll), the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) and Third Generation Environmentalism (E3G) – and they will continue to do so.

The ETC has also developed a strategic partnership with The Global Energy Alliance for People and Planet (GEAPP) which will include reciprocal arrangements to ensure GEAPP’s responsiveness to country needs arising from the political dialogue in the ETC and the coordinated deployment of support from both.

ETC Structure for 2022

This diagram shows the structure of the ETC, connecting the Council members, the ETC Secretariat and working groups to the ETC country dialogues and deployment of support. The ETC and Council Secretariat input into Country Dialogues and engage with other working groups and initiatives, to implement energy transition programmes

This diagram shows the structure of the ETC, connecting the Council members, the ETC Secretariat and working groups to the ETC country dialogues and deployment of support.

The major energy programmes include:

  • Climate Investment Funds, Accelerating Coal Transition and Renewable Energy Integration programmes
  • World Bank Energy Sector Management and Assistance Programme (ESMAP)
  • Sustainable Renewables Risk Mitigation Initiative (SRMI)
  • African Development Bank’s Green Baseload Facility
  • South-East Asia Energy Transition Partnership
  • International Energy Agency’s Clean Energy Transition Programme.


  1. Developing countries who collaborate with the ETC.
  2. In particular, the Climate Investment Funds Accelerating Coal Transition and Renewable Energy Integration programmes, the World Bank Energy Sector Management and Assistance Programme (ESMAP) and Sustainable Renewables Risk Mitigation Initiative (SRMI), the African Development Bank’s Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa including its Green Baseload Facility, the South-East Asia Energy Transition Partnership, and the International Energy Agency’s Clean Energy Transition Programme.
  3. IEA fuel report: Energy efficiency 2020
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Joint statement in support of the UK-IEA Product Efficiency Call to Action to raise global ambition through the SEAD initiative

  1. Rapidly rising global energy demand risks outpacing efforts to decarbonise our energy systems. High energy consuming products are a key driver of this growth in energy demand. The proliferation of energy efficient equipment and appliances are an important part of sustainable economic growth and development. In order to equitably reduce energy demand growth, achieving high levels of energy efficiency in these products is critical.  
  2. A swift transition to higher efficiency equipment, including the addition of new high-performing equipment and the retirement of less efficient equipment from global markets, is a vital part of achieving a clean and affordable energy transition. Boosting energy efficiency will support grid stability, energy security, improvements in people’s health and well-being, and the acceleration of the pace of decarbonisation in other high-emitting sectors – especially in buildings and industry. It is also an important means to support clean and resilient economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisis. 
  3. This transition is underway, with policy programmes being implemented in many countries to remove the least efficient products from the market and incentivise the uptake of super-efficient products, but more rapid progress is needed to meet the Paris Agreement’s objectives (The IEA’s 1.5-2°C Sustainable Development Scenario demonstrates that energy efficiency must account for more than one-third of total CO2 emissions abatement to 2050 and achieving targets set under the Paris Agreement.)   
  4. As such, we welcome the UK-IEA Product Efficiency Call to Action (The ambition to set countries on a trajectory to double the efficiency of key products sold globally by 2030motors, air conditioners, refrigerators, lighting – which together currently account for over 40% of global electricity consumption (IEA assessment)) and the efforts to advance this through the Super-Efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiative. We recognise SEAD as a key international platform for global and regional exchanges on policymaking for product energy efficiency, and fully support SEAD’s primary objective: to help Governments raise the efficiency of high energy consuming products sold globally more quickly, more easily and at a lower cost.
  5. In response to the Call for Action ahead of COP26, we are delighted to welcome support from; India, Indonesia, Korea, Japan, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, UK, Nigeria, Ghana and Australia, bringing the total SEAD membership signatories now to 14. This demonstrates the growing recognition that improving product efficiency is critically important to our societies and to the planet.  
  6. To help deliver this accelerated transition, the SEAD initiative must now take a much more active role in shaping the product efficiency regulatory landscape of the future. We therefore underline our countries’ commitment to supporting the SEAD mission, by agreeing to commit to at least one of the following priorities, and call on our other fellow SEAD members to consider doing the same:  

A) To work towards aligning our product standards with the goal of doubling the energy efficiency of products sold globally by 2030 (“the 2030 goal”) in order to meet the Paris Agreement’s objectives, and to advocate for this internationally; 

B) To commit to leading or co-leading a programme of action on one of the four high-energy consuming products associated with the COP26 Call to Action, or another globally relevant high energy-consuming product, and identifying opportunities in pursuit of the 2030 goal;

C) To actively engage in efforts to promote ambitious products policy nationally, regionally and globally to create stronger incentives, larger markets and lower costs for more efficient products.

Signed by

  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Denmark
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Nigeria
  • Sweden
  • UK
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Global Coal to Clean Power Transition Statement

We, the undersigned, noting that coal power generation is the single biggest cause of global temperature increases, recognise the imperative to urgently scale-up the deployment of clean power to accelerate the energy transition. 

We commit to work together to make clean power the most affordable and accessible option globally, with ensuing economic and health benefits as we build back better from the COVID pandemic. 

Our shared vision is to accelerate a transition away from unabated coal power generation, as is essential to meet our shared goals under the Paris Agreement, in a way that benefits workers and communities and ensures access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030 (SDG7).

Unabated’ coal power generation is described by the G7 and the IEA as referring to the use of coal power that is not mitigated with technologies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, such as Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS). You can find out more in this G7 press release (July 2021) and on page 193 of the IEA ‘Net Zero by 2050’ report.

We commit to the following actions to drive this global transition forward, and we encourage others to make similar commitments:

  1. To rapidly scale up our deployment of clean power generation and energy efficiency measures in our economies, and to support other countries to do the same, recognising the leadership shown by countries making ambitious commitments, including through support from the Energy Transition Council;
  2. To rapidly scale up technologies and policies in this decade to achieve a transition away from unabated coal power generation in the 2030s (or as soon as possible thereafter) for major economies and in the 2040s (or as soon as possible thereafter) globally, consistent with our climate targets and the Paris Agreement, recognising the leadership shown by countries making ambitious commitments, including through the Powering Past Coal Alliance;
  3. To cease issuance of new permits for new unabated coal-fired power generation projects (New’ coal-fired power generation projects are defined as coal-fired power generation projects that have not yet reached financial close), cease new construction of unabated coal-fired power generation projects and to end new direct government support for unabated international coal-fired power generation, recognising the leadership of countries making ambitious commitments, including through the No New Coal Power Compact;
  4. To strengthen our domestic and international efforts to provide a robust framework of financial, technical, and social support to affected workers, sectors and communities to make a just and inclusive transition away from unabated coal power in a way that benefits them, and expands access to clean energy for all, recognising the leadership of countries endorsing the COP26 Just Transition Declaration.

We recognize that countries, workers, and communities in the developing world require support to transition from coal and realise a sustainable and economically inclusive energy future, and that international co-operation will be needed to provide such support.

We recognise that while significant progress has been made to realise our shared vision, our task is not yet complete, and we call on others to join us as we redouble our efforts to accelerate the global energy transition over the coming years.

Statement supported by:

The Republic of Albania, H.E. Ms. Belinda Balluku, Minister of Energy and Infrastructure

The Republic of Azerbaijan, HE Mr Parviz Shahbazov, Minister of Energy

The Kingdom of Belgium, Minister Zakia Khattabi, Minister for Climate, Environment, Sustainable Development and Green Deal

The Republic of Botswana, endorsing clauses 1, 2 and 4

Brunei Darussalam, Hon. Dato Seri Setia Ir. Awang Haji Suhaimi bin Haji Gafar, Minister of Development

Canada, Minister Steven Guilbeault

The Republic of Chile, Minister Juan Carlos Jobet

The Republic of Cote d’Ivoire, Minister Thomas Camara

The Republic of Croatia, Mr Tomislav Ćorić

The Republic of Cyprus, Environment Minister Mr. Costas Kadis

The Kingdom of Denmark, Minister Dan Jørgensen

The Republic of Ecuador, Minister Juan Carlos Bermeo, Minister of Energy and Non Renewable Resources 

​​The Arab Republic of Egypt

The European Union, Commissioner Kadri Simson

The Republic of Finland, Minister Mika Lintilä

The French Republic, Minister Barbara Pompili

The Federal Republic of Germany, Minister Svenja Schulze

Hungary, Minister Attila Steiner, endorsing clauses 1, 2 and 4

The Republic of Indonesia, Minister Arifin, endorsing clauses 1, 2 and 4. Indonesia signs up to the COP26 Coal to Clean Power Transition statement, excluding clause 3 but as part of its commitment to reach net zero by 2060, or sooner with international assistance, Indonesia will consider accelerating coal phase out into the 2040s, conditional on agreeing additional international financial and technical assistance.

Ireland, Minister Eamon Ryan TD

The State of Israel, Minister Ms. Karine Elharrar and Minister Tamar Zandberg

The Italian Republic, Ecological Transition Minister, Roberto Cingolani

The Republic of Kazakhstan, First Vice-Minister of Energy, Murat Zhurebekov, endorsing clause 4

The Principality of Liechtenstein, H.E. Ms. Sabine Monauni 

The Republic of Maldives, Minister Aminath Shauna

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Mariam Bekaye

The Islamic Republic of Mauritius, Honourable Minister Kavydass Ramano 

The Kingdom of Morocco, Minister Benali, endorsing clauses 1, 3 and 4

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Minister Ramashay Prasad Yadav

The Kingdom of the Netherlands, Minister Tom de Bruijn

New Zealand, Minister James Shaw

Republic of North Macedonia, Minister Naser Nuredini

The Republic of Philippines, Secretary Cusi, endorsing clause 1 and partially clauses 2 and 4. The Philippines would like to reiterate a call for climate justice given the Philippines is not a major emitter of greenhouse gases but bears the worsening impacts of climate change, and to emphasise that energy security is foremost as energy transition is a means to improve the lives of the Philippines’ people and the country’s economic development.

The Republic of Poland, Minister Anna Moskwa, Minister of Climate and Environment

The Portuguese Republic, Minister João Pedro Matos Fernandes

The Republic of Senegal, Minister Gladima

The Republic of Singapore, Minister Grace Fu

The Slovak Republic, Environment Minister  Ján Budaj

Federal Republic of Somalia, Hon Amb Gamal Mohamed Hassan, Minister of Planning, Investment and Economic Development

The Republic of Korea, H.E. Moon Sung-wook, Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy

The Kingdom of Spain, Minister Teresa Ribera

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Minister of Power Gamini Lokuge

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, COP26 President Alok Sharma

The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Minister Nguyen Hong Dien

Wales, Julie James, Minister for Climate Change

The Republic of Zambia, Minister Hon. Collins Nzovu MP, Minister of Green Economy and Environment


Jeju, Special Self-Governing Province, Republic of Korea, Koo Man-Seop, Acting Governor 

Negros Oriental, the Philippines, Governor Degamo

The State of Hawaii, USA, Governor Ige

The State of Oregon, USA, Governor Brown

The Australian Capital Territory Act Government, Australia, Minister Shane Rattenbury MLA


ACWA Power, Paddy Padmanathan, President & CEO

Carbon Tracker, Jon Grayson, CEO

Diageo, Kirstie McIntyre, Director

Drax, Will Gardiner, CEO

EDF Group, Alexandre Perra, Group Senior Executive Vice-President

EDF UK, Simone Rossi, CEO

EDP, Miguel Stilwell de Andrade, CEO

Engie, Catherine MacGregor, CEO

Envision, Lei Zhang, CEO

Global Solar Council, Gianni Chianetta, CEO

GWEC, Ben Backwell, CEO

Iberdrola, Ignacio S Galan, CEO

International Geothermal Association, Marit Brommer, Executive Director

Legal & General Group Plc, Simon Gadd (ESG Director), John Godfrey (Public Affairs Director), Sara Heald (Head of CSR)

Local Authority Pension Fund Forum (LAPFF) , Cllr Doug McMurdo, LAPFF chair 

Mott MacDonald, Professor Denise Bower, Executive Director

National Grid, John Pettigrew, CEO

Ørsted, Mads Nipper, CEO


PSEG, Ralph Izzo, CEO

Renew Power, Sumant Sinha

RES, Eduardo Medina, CEO

Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, Andreas Nauen, CEO

SSE, Alistair Philips-Davies, CEO

UKSIF, James Alexander, Chief Executive

Varma, Hanna Kaskela

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Statement on International Public Support for the Clean Energy Transition

On the occasion of COP26, we the [undersigned] commit to the following actions to align our international public support towards the clean energy transition and out of unabated fossil fuels.

Our joint action is necessary to ensure the world is on an ambitious, clearly defined pathway towards net zero emissions, that is consistent with the 1.5°C warming limit and goals of the Paris Agreement, as well as the best available science and technology. These measures will help stimulate sustainable, resilient and inclusive economic development globally, and support a just transition for affected communities:

  1. We will prioritise our support fully towards the clean energy transition, using our resources to enhance what can be delivered by the private sector. This support should strive to “do no significant harm” to the goals of the Paris Agreement, local communities and local environments. 
  2. Further, we will end new direct public support for the international unabated fossil fuel energy sector within one year of signing this statement, except in limited and clearly defined circumstances that are consistent with a 1.5°C warming limit and the goals of the Paris Agreement.
  3. We will encourage further governments, their official export credit agencies and public finance institutions to implement similar commitments into COP27 and beyond. This includes driving multilateral negotiations in international bodies, in particular in the OECD, to review, update and strengthen their governance frameworks to align with the Paris Agreement goals. For government signatories, this will also guide our approach on the boards of multilateral development banks. 

In committing to the above, we furthermore recognise:

  1. the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and IEA net-zero analysis show that in the pathways consistent with a 1.5°C warming limit and the goals of the Paris Agreement, the global production and use of unabated fossil fuels must decrease significantly by 2030;
  2. that the accelerated alignment of international public and private sector financial flows is critical to driving energy transitions, energy access and supporting the development of both emerging and existing clean technologies, improving livelihoods and employment prospects worldwide;
  3. the progress, driven in part by enabling public finance investments, in reducing the costs of clean energy alternatives such as solar and wind power to become cheaper than unabated fossil fuels in almost every region of the world, revolutionising and transforming energy options and access;  
  4. that investing in unabated fossil-related energy projects increasingly entails both social and economic risks, especially through the form of stranded assets, and has ensuing negative impacts on government revenue, local employment, taxpayers, utility ratepayers and public health;
  5. the devastating impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the need to recover better and greener for a sustainable economic recovery that saves lives and improves livelihoods.


  1. Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
  2. Albania (Republic of Albania)
  3. Banco de Desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais (BDMG)
  4. Belgium (Kingdom of Belgium)
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Canada 
  7. Costa Rica (The Republic of Costa Rica)
  8. Denmark (The Kingdom of Denmark)
  9. The East African Development Bank (EADB)
  10. El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador)
  11. Ethiopia (The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)
  12. The European Investment Bank (EIB)
  13. Fiji (The Republic of Fiji)
  14. Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (FMO) 
  15. Finland (The Republic of Finland)
  16. France (République Française)
  17. Gabon (République Gabonaise)
  18. The Gambia (The Republic of The Gambia)
  19. Germany (The Federal Republic of Germany)
  20. Ireland 
  21. The Holy See (Vatican City State)
  22. Iceland
  23. Italy (The Republic of Italy)
  24. Jordan (Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan)
  25. Mali (The Republic of Mali)
  26. Marshall Islands (The Republic of the Marshall Islands)
  27. Moldova (The Republic of Moldova)
  28. The Netherlands (The Kingdom of the Netherlands)
  29. New Zealand 
  30. Portugal (Portuguese Republic)
  31. Slovenia (The Republic of Slovenia)
  32. Spain (Reino de España)
  33. South Sudan (The Republic of South Sudan)
  34. Sri Lanka (Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)
  35. Sweden (Kingdom of Sweden Konungariket)
  36. Switzerland (The Swiss Confederation)
  37. UK (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
  38. United States (The United States of America)
  39. Zambia (The Republic of Zambia)